Global Fragility Act

The Global Fragility Act would require the U.S. government – in collaboration with civil society – to develop a 10-year strategy to enhance stability and to reduce violence and fragility globally.

Texts and Sponsors

House of Representatives: H.R. 2116

House sponsors include Representatives Engel (D-NY), McCaul (R-TX), A. Smith (D-WA), Wagner (R-MO), Keating (D-MA), Rooney (R-FL)Lieu (D-CA), Wright (R-TX), Fitzpatrick (R-PA), and Malinowski (D-NJ), Sherman (D-CA), Omar (D-MN), Cooper (D-TN), Beyer (D-VA), Pingree (D-ME), Pence (R-IN), Kim (D-NJ), Kind (D-WI), McGovern (D-MA), Case (D-HI), Bass (D-CA).

H.R. 2116 passed the House of Representatives on May 20, 2019.

Senate: S.727

Senate sponsors include Senators Coons (D-DE), Graham (R-SC), Merkley (D-OR), Rubio (R-FL), Young (R-IN), Baldwin (D-WI), Casey (D-PA), Boozman, (R-AR), Markey (D-MA), Cardin (D-MD), and Gardner (R-CO), Casey (D-PA), Durbin (D-IL), Collins (R-ME), Kaine (D-VA), Peters(D-MI), Cantwell (D-WA), Blumenthal(D-CT), Shaheen (D-NH), Isakson (R-GA), Van Hollen (D-MD), Wyden (D-OR), Klobuchar (D-MN), Hassan (D-NH), Reed (D-RI).

S.727 was approved by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on June 25, 2019.

A previous version, the Global Fragility and Violence Reduction Act, was introduced as H.R. 5273 and S. 3368 in 2018. It passed the House by a vote of 376-16 in November 2018. 


If passed, the GFA will require the administration to:

  1. Launch a “Global Fragility Initiative (House) or Strategy (Senate),” the first-ever whole-of-government effort to address the risks of fragility by stabilizing conflict-affected areas and preventing violence and conflict globally;
  2.  Identify where fragility poses the greatest threats to civilian security and select those countries or regions where the U.S. will pilot innovative diplomatic and programmatic action in support of the Global Fragility Initiative/Strategy;
  3. Improve its ability to measure, evaluate, and assess efforts to stabilize conflict-affected areas and prevent violence and fragility;
  4. Report to the Congress and the American people on a biennial basis on which tools are most effective for stabilizing and preventing conflict; and
  5. Authorize existing funds to support the Initiative/Strategy.

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Coverage of the previous version can be found here.
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