Global Fragility Act

The Global Fragility Act (GFA) was passed by Congress as part of the 2020 Consolidated Appropriations Act and signed into law by President Trump on December 20, 2019. Congressional and White House approval of this bill represents a historic victory for the peacebuilding field, which has long advocated for the GFA as a game-changing way forward to prevent and reduce violent conflict. The GFA will create the first-ever comprehensive U.S. government strategy to tackle and prevent spiraling global conflict.

The Alliance for Peacebuilding and Mercy Corps co-lead a non-partisan coalition of 67 peacebuilding and development organizations that are dedicated to the passage and successful implementation of the Global Fragility Act. The GFA Coalition is committed to ensuring successful implementation in 2020 and will work closely with both Congress and the Administration.

Read AfP’s working paper on GFA Implementation here.

Read AfP’s Report on Ethiopia and the GFA here.

Texts and Sponsors

House of Representatives: H.R. 2116

House sponsors include Representatives Engel (D-NY), McCaul (R-TX), A. Smith (D-WA), Wagner (R-MO), Keating (D-MA), Rooney (R-FL)Lieu (D-CA), Wright (R-TX), Fitzpatrick (R-PA), and Malinowski (D-NJ), Sherman (D-CA), Omar (D-MN), Cooper (D-TN), Beyer (D-VA), Pingree (D-ME), Pence (R-IN), Kim (D-NJ), Kind (D-WI), McGovern (D-MA), Case (D-HI), Bass (D-CA).

H.R. 2116 passed the House of Representatives on May 20, 2019.

Senate: S.727

Senate sponsors include Senators Coons (D-DE), Graham (R-SC), Merkley (D-OR), Rubio (R-FL), and Young (R-IN), Baldwin (D-WI), Casey (D-PA), Boozman, (R-AR), Markey (D-MA), Cardin (D-MD), Gardner (R-CO), Casey (D-PA), Durbin (D-IL), Collins (R-ME), Kaine (D-VA), Peters (D-MI), Cantwell (D-WA), Blumenthal (D-CT), Shaheen (D-NH), Isakson (R-GA), Van Hollen (D-MD), Wyden (D-OR), Klobuchar (D-MN), Hassan (D-NH), Reed (D-RI), King (I-ME), Murphy (D-CT), Hirono (D-HI).

S.727 was approved by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on June 25, 2019.

A previous version, the Global Fragility and Violence Reduction Act, was introduced as H.R. 5273 and S. 3368 in 2018. It passed the House by a vote of 376-16 in November 2018. 


What the GFA Accomplishes:

  • Focuses U.S. foreign assistance on preventing violence and conflict in fragile countries;
  • Saves U.S. taxpayers money by addressing the prevention and the causes of violent conflict rather than the costlier approach of containing it;
  • Increases transparency and accountability by mandating biennial reports to Congress and the American people;
  • Strengthens research to identify the foreign assistance programs and diplomatic approaches that are most effective at preventing violence and conflict;
  • Dedicates $1.15 billion over the next five years for conflict prevention and peacebuilding in countries at risk of violence and conflict.

Learn More

  Read More  
Coverage of the previous version can be found here.
National News
Local/Regional News and Events
Congressional Statements
Coalition Statements


Endorsing Organizations


For more information, please contact Lix Hume at